Why The Remonstration Against the Citizenship Bill?
By Asif Iqbal
The bill, which got approved in the LOK SABHA, has a formed conundrum in the certain states of India, which got its independence on the basis of religion in the year 1947. Those states belong to the north-eastern part of India, which shares its boundaries with Bangladesh. One of the victimized states which have come out to protest against the bill is Assam. Whereas, the state of Assam contains people who had protested against the government and which lead the recognition of Assam Accord in the year 1985. The protest was against the illegal infiltration of migrants from the neighbouring country of Bangladesh. If we read about the accord, which says that any person who has settled in the state of Assam prior to 1st January of 1966 along with names mentioned in the electoral roll of 1967 should be regularized.
Whereas, if there are any foreigners who have entered into the territory of the Assam after 1st January 1966 till 24th March 1971 shall be detected with Foreigners Act 1946 and Foreigners tribunal order 1964. If, there are any foreigners whose names are there in the electoral roll will be detected and has to be removed with immediate force with which those persons will have to register before the registration office of their respective districts. They will have to be registered in the provision which has been mentioned in the Registration of foreigners act, 1939 and the registration of foreigners' rule of 1939.
In the accord, there was a mention about those people who have entered the territory of Assam in hasty manner after 1971 had to be detected, deleted and has to take practical steps to impose a limit upon the infiltration. After some years down the line, moreover, we have entered into an era where people contact with each other with the availability of services which has affordable connectivity and it was possible right from the globalization bill which allowed the foreign companies to invest in the territory of India. This connectivity was used properly during the general election of 2014, where we saw the rise of a leader who presented himself as the pro-poor and promised good days for young people who hasn't got any employment by the antecedent government of UPA. This rhetoric words impressed people and gain their faith to take a step into the centre to govern over the people. After some years, Mr Modi did make many implementations to improve the quality of people living which didn't any, such as Demonetization, Good and Services Taxes, Getting the Aadhar bill passed in the lower house as a money bill which didn't entitle to be rectified by the Upper House.
A bill was introduced in the lower house on July 19th, 2016 by the Ministry of Home Affairs, which was referred to the Joint Parliamentary Committee on 12th August 2016 which rectified those necessary sections which was presented on the floor of the lower house on 7th January of 2019 and passed on 8th January of 2019 without any kind of debate upon the bill. Whereas, it didn't get the support of opposition parties like Congress, Trinamool Congress, National Congress Party and others who have said that they will try not to get the bill passed in the Upper House in which they contain a majority in comparison with Ruling Party in the Centre. The bill got conceded just before the upcoming elections in 2019 they have resolute to come up with a plan which could pin down the protest against the bill. They have bent a committee to analyse the panorama, as long as giving reservation to the Indigenous People of Assam in the State Assembly of Assam & Local bodies. In further process, the chairman MP Bezbaruah resigned from the post of chairman in the committee under clause 6 in Assam Accord, 1985 which mentions about the safeguard and economic development of constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguard which maybe find appropriate in providing protection, preservation and promoting the culture, social, linguistic heritage and heritage of the Assam people.
Although in his resignation, which he wrote to the Ministry of Home Affairs there will not be any dignity of the committee, if half of the members aren't present and it has come to a verge that the committee may be disbanded due to lack of members or individuals who have been preordained to be a part of it, have rejected to get involved. The highlights of the bill, it's been the inclusion of Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Parsis, Buddhists & Christians from Afghanistan, Pakistan & Bangladesh shall be eligible to be a citizen of the country. Another requirement which has been procured is to residing of the people within the territory of India for 12 months and 11 to 14 years. This prerequisite has been relaxed from11 years to 6 years for people belonging to these 6 religions and three countries.
Despite the protest in the middle of people against the bill is rather correct in maintaining the soul of the constitution, which talks about the equality between people, but compliant and getting eyeshot from the leaders of ruling party as it is their obligation to fortify the people who are inhabiting in these three countries as the minority is certainly against the Article 14 Part III of the Constitution of India. However, the Ministry of Home Affairs had made an amendment in the Passport entry into India Act, 1920 section 3 which mentioned that the people who belong to the countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh & Afghanistan from 6 religions who were been compelled to seek shelter into the territory of India due to the religious persecution and entered into the territory on or before 31st December’2014 without any valid documents such Passports or whose validity had got expired shall be allowed to take the asylum. Moreover, the government of India made an amendment in the Foreigners Order 1948 & Section 3 of Foreigners Act 1946 which has allowed the people belonging to the 6 religions which have been mentioned in the Citizenship Bill’2016 are allowed to reside in within the territory of India even if they don’t have any kind of documents to support their validity to stay in the country.
Aforesaid mentioned in the bill of Citizenship’2016 to include those people from the regions of Pakistan, Bangladesh & Afghanistan who belongs to the minorities, whereas they have neglected the people from Shias and Ahmadis from the region of Pakistan which has built a conjecture that it has been formed to appease the religion of Hindu Diaspora in abroad, who provide funds to the ruling party. Many celebrities from the state of Assam has protested against the bill, one such person is Zubeen Garg who has given his voice in many Bollywood movies along with other which includes Assam Student Union body, AASU came together on the Xilpi Diwas or Artist Day to commemorate the death anniversary of Rupkonwar Jyoti Prasad Agarwal. A letter was written to the CM of Assam Sarbananda Sonowal to take a stand which had to be against the ruling-BJP government at the centre, while addressing the crowd, he mentioned that he is ready to remunerate the money which was given to him contriving BJP’s Assam Campaign Song which was Sarbananda: everyone’s happiness (Sokolure Ananda Sarbananda) whether they are ready to return those votes which they received because of him?. Hue & cry of the ruling party to safeguard the minorities from different countries in sub-continent but they are forgetting their own promises which they had made in the campaign of 2014 general elections which was to provide adequate education, health facility amongst people. Somewhere or the other, there has been a non-fulfilment of those promises which were been made to develop the developing country of India which is going backwards than forward in making a new India. It is happening due to vote bank politics on the basis of religion and appeasement. There will be others states in the coming days unifying against the bill and support the protest of North-East who are more visible on the maps of India just to get the justice.
3. Citizenship Bill’2016
5. prs-india the citizenship amendment bill 2016