ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN INVESTIGATION
By Aaratrika Bal
Mass media is referred to different kinds of sources like newspapers, magazines (print media); internet, radio, television (digital media) that carry news and information about various important issues related to politics, finances, renowned personalities, science, and technology, etc. if we say that mass media is one of the most important and efficient sources of news and information, it would not be inept. All through the last decade, it also had been considered as a very efficient source of acquiring statistics and investigate a case or event. The media and investigative journalism have become very crucial for bringing the allegations, reasons, corruptions, and consequences of criminal actions into the light. Having investigation with the help of mass media promotes good practices in society and enable to face challenges in the consequences of cases. Mass media performs various roles in order to investigate and examine the negative as well as the positive consequence of an incident or an event.
Media sources like newspapers, magazines and often the internet contain information about people as well as their financial and social status. Often, their personal records are also revealed. These pieces of information play an important role in the investigation. Investigations are carried out not only on the crimes but also on the case. It is mainly done for educational purposes. Case studies are an essential part. Analysis of such cases, lawsuits, government records, etc. can also be conducted based on the information available on the internet.
Investigation on specialized issues, business points of view, government issues, debasement, and political issues may likewise be done by the announcements, authoritative archives, and records of individuals accessible on mass media.Mass media assists in the investigation of social fraud based on the information available.
Different interviews, oral statements also are broadcasted on social media, which can be used for investigation.
When a legal trial or a social case trial is taking place, mass media helps to collect important links that will support the investigation.
Mass media is being widely used as a platform for investigations in many countries like Albania and Australia. In Australia, people still haven’t accepted it as a platform to be used for investigation of crimes but they are fascinated by it. Mass media had become an integral part of the criminal justice system and criminality. This had been although criticized by many intellectuals. According to them, the upper class (elites) tend to influence media to broadcast the information that they want to be revealed, thus, often the complete piece of news is unknown to the general public and thus mass media is definitely not very reliable for investigation purposes.
Nonetheless, the police mass media has given individuals uncommon access to the public and the other way around. Police and public would now be able to convey in a simple way about constant occasions and episodes. This has demonstrated significant at the seasons of emergency on both neighborhood and national dimension. By utilizing the right to speak freely, an individual can impart his or her perspectives to various issues and may likewise look for the significance of any political issue. In any case, a few judges have likewise forced their confinement on the right to speak freely on the grounds that individuals regularly see this privilege as their own right. The remarks were additionally examined by the High Court to decide if the enactment encroached the right to speak freely. The same was studied in the case of “Lange v. Australian Broadcasting Corporation”. It was later altered in the case of “Coleman v. Power”.
As media is constantly, advancing and new issues are occurring each day, online networking keeps on giving chances and difficulties to criminal equity officers and change the manner in which open comprehend and engages with crimes and criminals. The calls for bans and different confinements to broad communications would not be yielding legitimate outcomes. Mass media requires to remain and for this, we have to consider some fresh possibilities with the goal that everybody can comprehend it and underwrite its advantages and anticipate or decrease their endeavors in connection to criminal equity framework or wrongdoing. The dependence of open on media for data just as with the end goal of diversion presents numerous contrasts between the destinations saw versus the targets picked up. Be that as it may, the public keeps on relying upon broad communications as to medium to survey the criminal equity framework and the procedure contained inside the equivalent. The targets of media inside the extent of criminal equity framework can be viewed as one of the manners in which that can be derived from different sources.
Mass media also helps in public policy making and then reinforce them. At last, the utilization of the media offers a moderately adaptable method for procuring data. In contrast to different types of data accumulation, the analytical group can modify the detail and the
tone of the media message appropriately as the inquiry advances. House-to-house inquiries offer a few focal points over the media as a method for securing data, since they are all the more topographically engaged and offer a more prominent certification that inhabitants in a specific area can be focused on. House-to-house is, be that as it may, moderately limited in its capacity to change in accordance with the securing of new data. In the event that, as the examination advances, extra subtleties become realized which expect changes to the inquiries posed, it very well may be costly to re-interview with every one of the individuals who have recently offered data.
Thus, using mass media for investigation can be of great help, only if the information is filtered well.