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New Statutes for Political, Economic, Social and Religious Perspective

New Statutes for Political, Economic, Social and Religious Perspective

RECENT STATUTES THAT HAVE COME UP IN INDIA FOR A POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVE

                                -Kanika Wadhwani

 

A nation’s culture resides in the

hearts and in the soul of

it’s people[1]

India is a nation full of diversity, here you can find each color of politics, economic, social and religion, all in all in India there is a blend of every culture of every state. The number of states and number of individuals living here do not reduce its value instead they magnify its culture and even add their part to the culture and dignity of the nation. India basically is an
amalgamation of two areas namely; rural and urban areas, these both represent a perfect blend present in the country. Both of them have their own worthiness, history and glory.

It is suitably said ‘India is a country of villages’. Agriculture is the main business of the Indians and majority of people in India live in the villages. Our villages assist in nourishing our social bonds and bringing stability to our society in many ways. Our villages also aid our association in another technique namely that of preserving our culture. The Indian rural society has undergone substantial change in the recent past, particularly since the Independence as a result of a series of the land ameliorate codifications that have accelerated the pace of this change. India has a lavish cultural heritage and is a land of diversities. The array in social life is reflected in multi-social, multi-lingual, multi- religious and multi-caste nature of the society. The paramount features of the Indian social structure are-cardinal rural occupancy in small villages; multi-religious and multi-caste social identities and important role of family in the social life.

As a reverberation of evolution in science and technology, there has been industrial development. Due to industrial development there is urbanization as a consequence of which urban societies are generated. Every country has its own urban society so does India has. Every village possesses some components of the city while every city carries some feature of the villages. Dissimilar standards are used to decide a community as urban. Some of them are, for instance, population, legal limits, types of occupations, social organizations. The city in the words of Louis Wirth refers to “a relatively large, dense and permanent settlement of socially heterogeneous individuals.”

India being so diverse need a regulatory authority which enacts and enforces statutes which meets the needs of the citizens of the nation with changing centuries, law in India is quite dynamic in nature which has been changing according to the needs of the society. Law adopts this change and helps the society to accept them. Legislation through new decree or alteration in the same bill maintains this balance. There is probably every act a person could think of, our law makers frequently understand our political, economic, social and religious perspective.

POLITICAL STATUTES;

Political Statutes create legal practice area encompassing the intersection of politics and law

10% reservation

Recently, Parliament passed a bill which provides 10% reservation to the backward range in the General category. This bill has been considered as the political move by the ruling party BJP as the Lok Sabha elections 2019 are approaching and in order to increase the vote bank this was the smart move by this government as the bill is not constitutionally valid as under art. 15(4) strictly provide reservation for socially and economically backward classes of Scheduled Caste and Schedule Tribes. And if the same is challenged in SC for the judicial review than also, it would take same time for the judgment to come and till than the purpose of passing the bill would be solved and probably government would be able to increase the vote bank. A PIL has also been filed against the bill passed. Now, it is to see whether this strategy would be successful or not.

Demonetization

Back in 2016 when the Government took the decision of demonetization which meant that government banned all the existing notes of 500 and 1000, they were declared just a piece of paper in order to curb the corruption in the country and launched new notes.

This was again, considered as political decision just to increase the vote bank, and in long run this practice was failed as everyone in the country was going through a lot of problems while exchanging such notes.

Economic Statutes;

Economic Statutes is the basic amalgamation of the economy and legislation

GST (goods and service tax)

 The legislative body enacted a new bill which changed the economic scenario of the country the basic idea behind this act was to cut off all the other taxes in place of which it introduced a uniform tax rate which could be applied to all the commodities and services availed in India. In short where businessman had to pay three-four taxes for availing particular goods and services now, these taxes have reduced to single one i.e. Goods and Services Tax

Insolvency and bankruptcy code

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 is the bankruptcy law of India which pursue to consolidate the existing framework by creating a single law for insolvency and bankruptcy

The black money act

The black money act, 2015 is an Act of the Parliament of India. It focuses to restraint black money, or undisclosed foreign assets and income and imposes tax and penalty on such income. The grail of this law is to bring back the income and assets held abroad back to the country. As a result, only an Indian inhabitant gets the opportunity to declare undisclosed assets

SOCIAL STATUTE

Social Statute includes a statute which considers social factors the important thing to be kept in mind while passing legislations.

National sports university act

An Act to initiate and absorb a National Sports University in the State of Manipur, a specialized University first of its kind, to promote sports education in the areas of sports sciences, sports technology, sports management and sports coaching besides functioning as the national training centre for select sports disciplines by adopting best international practices and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

This act, analyzed the need of starting a government sports university to fulfil the needs of the citizens also, to develop the country.

Mental health care act

 The law was described in its opening paragraph as "An Act to provide for mental healthcare and services for persons with mental illness and to protect, promote and fulfil the rights of such persons during delivery of mental healthcare and services and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

Juvenile justice act

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 has been passed by Parliament of India amidst intense controversy, debate and protest on many of its provisions by Child Rights fraternity. It replaced the Indian juvenile delinquency law, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000, and allows for juveniles in conflict with Law in the age group of 16–18, necessitated  in Heinous Offences, to be tried as adults.  The Act came into force from 15 January 2016.

 The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act

CAMPA Act or Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority bill is an Indian legislation that seeks to provide an appropriate institutional mechanism, both at the Centre and in each State and Union Territory, to ensure expeditious utilization in efficient and transparent manner of amounts released in lieu of forest land diverted for non-forest purpose which would mitigate impact of diversion of such forest land.

Religious Statutes;

There has been no such statutes which has been passed by our legislative bodies, but judiciary has continuously been giving such judgments which understands both the religious sentiments and the legal system. This could be noticed in the precedent, this was noticed in the recent judgment of Sabarimala Temple issue where earlier women between the menstruating age i.e. 10-50 yrs were not allowed to enter, now Supreme Court has allowed them to enter the temple as court has now understood equality in the religious matters also. Accordingly, it could be concluded that yes India has correctly analyzed the recent trends in the political, economic, social and religious fields.

 

 

 

 

[1] Mahatma Gandhi

The Ever-growing Begging Population: with special reference to Kerala

The Ever-growing Begging Population: with special reference to Kerala

What about Men’s Right?

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