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Is India a Developed Nation?

Is India a Developed Nation?

By Anonymous

“India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of the human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend; and the great grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most constructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only.”

-Mark Twin.

India is a constitutional republic, which consists of 29 states, each state having substantial degree of control over its own affairs. India has 6 less fully empowered Union Territories. It is one of the largest countries in Asia. India with the population of 1.3 billion people is the second most populous country in the world. Being the 2nd most populous country makes it the most populous democracy as well. India is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system.[1] India is a federation with a parliamentary system governed under the constitution of India, which is the country’s supreme legal document.

India being so big and populous country still is a developing nation. Even after 70 years of Independence India is still a developing nation. A developing country is the country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index relative to other countries.[2] Is a country developed or developing basically depends upon its Literacy Rate, GDP, Mortality Rate, Birth Rate etc., and many more factors like this. India having low level of material well-being is one of the reasons behind its still being a developing country.

What is Developed and developing nation?

·      Developed Nation: A developed country is a Sovereign state that has a developed economy and advance technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.[3] Most commonly, the criteria for evaluating the degree of economic development t are Gross Domestic Product, Gross national Product, the per capita income level of industrialization amount of widespread infrastructure and general standard of living.[4]

·      Developing Nation: The term developing describes a currently observed situation and not a changing dynamic or expected direction of progress.[5] Since the late 1990s developing countries tendered to demonstrate higher growth rates than developed countries.[6] According to UNs so called M49 standards, published in 1990:

“The designations developed and developing are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgment about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the development process”.[7]

Challenges in front of India stopping from becoming a developed nation:

India is such a big country but still its large population is not being used pretty much for something productive, which is the main reason behind it still being an undeveloped nation. India needs to work on its edges for the growth. India is a big country with such a large population but we don’t know how to utilize our resource and this affects our growth. If we learn how we can use our resources in good way such that we can attain maximum profit we will be at the verge of attaining all the goals set for the country. From the past time we have grown much, we have become more productive but still there are some points where we lack and there is an emergence need to work on it. These points are:

·      Increase in Population of India: Population in India is increasing day by day. There is not control over it, but the government is still working on it to control it. Government is making new schemes, programs etc. to have a control on it. Government is awaking people about it. Increase in population is not an issue, but increase in population is not an issue until or unless the increased population is helping the economy. “India’s Population remained almost stationary since 1800 at around 125 million for 50 years.”[8] It is predicted that India will be the most populous by 2030 leaving China behind. India is the second most populous country according to the 2017 revision of the world population prospects.[9]

·      Lack of Unity among people: Unity is the major strength of any nation. If the people are united then they get the strength to tackle any kind of problem that is approaching them. This is the reason why a nation should focus on the unity part of the country. With the unity among people, the nation can tackle any kind of situation in front of it. We were not united at a point as a nation that is the reason why Britishers held us slaves for so long. In India we can say that, there is unity in diversity as we are diverse in so many ways like, caste, class, language, religion, etc., but still we stand as one there is unity in diversity.

·      Politics in India: The politics in India takes place within the framework of the country’s constitution. India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is the head of the state and the prime minister of India is the head of the government.[10] There are large numbers of parties taking part into the election campaigns. The main motto of the parties is their personal benefit and not the welfare of public. The politicians of the country are basically working for funding themselves with load and loads of money such that their live can be smooth and they can enjoy all kind of Luxuries. They have no emotions toward the country or the people of the country and this is a big stone on the path of development.

·      Corruption: It is an issue that adversely affects India’s economy of central, state and local government agencies. Not only has it held the economy back from reaching new heights, but rampant corruption has stunned the country’s development.[11] In Indi the major problem is people want their own benefit rather than the country’s development. They want to fill their own pockets before working for the nation that is why India is still not developed and lack so behind in development.

·      Poverty line: There are many people behind the poverty line in INDIA. Even after such a low mark of poverty line most of the India’s population is still below it. Despite being o of the fastest growing economies in the world, a significant percentage of Indians still live in poverty. It had a growth rate of 7.11% in 2015, and a sizable consumer economy.[12] As of 2014, 58% of the total populations were living on less than $3.10 per day.[13] Such a vast population behind poverty line has the least contribution in the country’s economy and that is why there is low GDP or low Tax gain in India. And this affects the economy very badly.

·      Literacy:  There is variance in the literacy rate from states to states. Literacy in India is the key for socio economic progress,[14] and the Indian literacy has grown to 74.04% (2011 Provisional Census figures).[15] Despite government programs, India’s literacy rate increased only “sluggishly”.[16] If the population is not literate it will not understand the need why India needs to be developed, what a country gets from being developed.

·      Divide and Rule policy: This originally was the idea of the British people. They bought this policy such that thy can rule for longer duration in India. But now the Indian politicians are using this policy to rule in India, or we can say that they use this policy to gain more votes from people. They divide them on the basis of caste and try to bring conflict such that they will gain votes from a particular side of the country. This division affects the country as the government formed is of the selfish people and not of the people who wants to work for the welfare of the country.

·      Brain Drain: There is not much opportunities generated in India. There are some good opportunities generated which are taken by the elite class mostly and there is less chances left for the basic grounded people. That is the reason why people start searching for the opportunities outside the India. There is brain drain from India to other countries is a huge number. The current CEO of Google is from India and many more. So the development India can get is harshly affected by the Brain Drain of people.

·      Economic Vulnerability: It is based on the instability of the agricultural production, Instability of exports of goods and services, economic importance of non-traditional activities, merchandise exports concentration, handicap of economic smallness and the percentage of population displaced by natural disasters.[17]

·      Human Resource Weakness: This is based in the indicators like nutrition, health, education and adult literacy; for example low literacy levels. For a developed nation there is a need to have good level or an ideal level of these but these are not stable in India and are at its worst level. So the human resource of India is highly weak and it adversely affects the growth of the country such that stopping it from becoming a developed nation.

These are certain factors that are stopping India from being a developed nation. These are the hurdles on our path to development the time we will control these situation in our country we will be a developed country. There is still a long way to go to achieve this.

Conclusion:  INDIA is such a big country; it can achieve whatever it desires to. If the government of India starts utilizing the population or we can say the human resource of the country in such a way that it is at its high productive rate we can attain the maximum or the most than any other country. India is the largest democracy in the world. India has the biggest number of people with franchise rights and the largest number of political parties, which take part in election campaign.  With its entire problem India survives as a single state with democratic character. But there are still some problems which remain unsolved in India. The speed of development in India is not good as the speed of development in the other countries that are already developed and that are much superior to India. There are many reasons behind the lack in the development criteria of the India. Most of the people realize that India is very slow in development but they don’t focus on what to be done in order to make India a developed country. What we need to do is, we need to strengthen our cores as, and we need to start working from the base such that we can attain big things further.

“We owe a lot to Indians, who taught us how to count without which no worldwide scientific discovery could have been made”

-       Albert Einstein


[1] Brunel & Calvert 1999, p. 125.

[2] “Economics: Principle in Action”. Upper saddle River, New jersey 07458: Pearson Prentice Hall. P, 471.

[3] “Developed Country.”- Wikipedia.

[4] Developed Economic Definition. March 2016, at Wayback Machine.

[5] “Developed Country.”- Wikipedia.

[6] “On the structure of the present day convergence” Korotayev A, Zinkina J (2014).

[7] “Standard Country and Area codes classifications (M49): Developed Regions.” United Nations Statistics Division.

[8] According to “Kind Davis”.

[9] “World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision.” United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division.

[10] “Politics Of India”- Wikipedia 

[11] “The trillion dollar Question”- The Financial Express. Nov. 29 2012.

[12] “Poverty in India”.- Wikipedia 

[13] “Poverty and Equity Data”. 

[14] UNESCO: Literacy, UUNESCO. May. 20 2009.

[15] Census #India. “Census of India”. March. 31 2011.

[16] “India’s literacy rate increase sluggish” Feb. 1st 2008.

[17] “Common Challenges- Developing Country”. Wikipedia.

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