Factors Preventing India From Becoming a Developed Country
By Simran Jha
“Time flies. It’s up to you to be the navigator.” – Robert Orben
It is somewhere dispirited to write on a topic as such since there was a time when our nation was the wealthiest in the world with all the essential requirements making the people of India rich and influential in almost all the aspects. With this, India was popularly known as the “The Golden Bird”. India was the country with the world’s largest economy between 1AD – 1000AD; there was a time in the 1500s when India’s share in the global economy amounted to 24.5% which was equal to Europe’s then contribution to the global economy as a whole; we can mark the presence of systematic and sophisticated lifestyle in the earliest known civilizations like that of Indus Valley and Harrapa’s; as evident from the texts as old as from 5th century BC Indians used to work in “Srenis”; corporations responsible for the production of goods and when the world relied on the barter system for trade purposes, India was the first to come up with the money system. Considering the aforementioned it can be surfaced that India was indeed the global powerhouse at once.
But all this fortune couldn’t be preserved and one after the other we can mark the presence of miserable events that paved way for India losing its goodwill. May it be the failure of the Mughal’s administration or advent of the British colonial era, these were the phases which just shouldn’t have happened but only because of certain reasons that existed and for which we are to be partially blamed for as well. But one of the foremost fault at our part that continues to show it’s affects even till today was the lack of unity and brotherhood that eventually led to the partition of India. Diversity, for what we held the pride and used to distinguish ourselves from others became the biggest evil for the integrity of the nation. People lost the sense of wholesomeness and this is only where they denied accepting their own men and labeled them as their biggest rivals. This led to so much chaos and commotion among themselves that they could barely detect the danger which was approaching towards them and its consequences.
The administration of the Mughals and the Britishers, among others are the reason for the commencement of India’s declination but the reason these are considered to be the dominant factors is the fact that they had a swift impact. Clearly India now possessed nothing it was known for but who knew that this would have such a lasting influence that even after 70 years of Independence we will be struggling to redeem ourselves and convert it into a developed nation.
At present, India comes under the category of developing nations. “A developing country, also called an e dden from us, for them it is a far-fetched idea even today. According to the facts and figures of census merging or transitional economy, is a nation with underdeveloped industrial base and low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries and poor quality of governance. According to the UN, a developing country is the country with a relatively low standard of living, underdeveloped industrial base and moderate to low Human Development Index (HDI).” Talking with regard to the aforesaid statement it can be observed that though India might have had numerous places where the presence of sophisticated infrastructures can be seen but how much it is accessible to the poor or less affluent and the one with disabilities is not hi 2011, India houses 2.7 million people with disabilities but only a few are seen to enjoy the privileges which they are morally as well as legally entitled to. In spite of a good number of laws of laws against child abuse and early employability, 12% of the children in between 5-15 years are identified as child labor. Till today the country is found to spend less than 4% of our GDP on imperative sectors such as health and education and about 2.4 million people are still found to be the victims and survivors of HIV or AIDS. India among others is one of the fastest developing countries in the world and is working hard to soon acquire the status of developed nation. If we recount our initial years post independence and observe the notable changes, then may it be the literacy among citizens or increase in the health awareness, boost in the economy or independency, improved and expanded foreign relations or increase in the militancy, India is definitely leaving no stone unturned but still the pace with which it is functioning is low when compared to the time taken by the today’s developed nations. For this we are often criticized as to why these many years have been taken but there are a few factors which are acting as the biggest hurdles from preventing India becoming a developed nation.
1. RAPIDLY GROWING POPULATION
According to the most recent data released by the UN, India’s current population is estimated to be around 1.33 billion which is exactly double the estimation of 40 years back. It is the second most populated country in the world. Whenever we talk about the country’s administration and governance, the government is usually questioned and is complained of not been able to work in an efficient and effective manner and unable to match the expectations. But have we ever considered the concept of population in our country severely or ever thought of a remedy to curb it as population can be clearly seen as a hindrance to the country’s growth with respect to variant parameters. The government is to be blamed but partially as we need to understand that with the growing number of individuals, neither the literacy nor the productive rate is increasing and therefore government officials are not increasing. So, when there is no sync between the people and the government it will be unjustified to question the government as a whole. It was once quoted by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru – “India is rich but Indians are poor.” Having said this, the problem of population was also pointed out by him as he defined that India has abundance of resources but with the increase in population which is now even more than the availability of resources, they can be shared equally among the people. Hence, it is high time that people are made aware regarding the population and its demerits. People should be encouraged to be responsible and everyone should plan their families.
Corruption is taking over ever body like anything. It has been spreading like a chronic disease with a high pace and from which it is difficult to come over. The affect of corruption is such that today if not all then there are majority of people who are corrupt and encourage and indulge in corrupt practices. For this we can’t point out towards the government as today may it be the schools, colleges, hospitals, any public place or even places like shrines and pilgrims involve people who are corrupt and destroy the holy aura of such places. But how does it affect the country is in a way the values of merit and qualifications have diminished to a great extent. Today in schools and colleges we can’t be sure that whether the seats have been acquired by the competent students or not. In the present scenario, if we talk about educational institutions many deserving students have to face failure because of the people who don’t hesitate on getting their students enrolled on the basis of money. For them education is a mere word. Because of these prevailing practices we have to fear about the person today at authoritative positions if they are actually creditable and therefore the literacy rate is being affected negatively. A nation wherein lacks the true and absolute knowledge can’t make it for a developed nation.
3. INCOME INEQUALITY
The recent data about global income inequalities has further widened and same goes with India showing tremendous income disparities stating that “India’s richest (1%) held 58% of the country’s total wealth which was higher than the global figure of 50%.” This holds true to the saying that “rich get richer and poor get poorer.” Years after independence we don’t have a common pedestal wherein everybody can stand irrespective of their inequalities. Income inequality in India is to an extent that BPL (below poverty line) category people still exist. An estimate of 23.6% of the total population of the country falls below the poverty line. Due to this such sections of people are unable to provide their children with the basic amenities like education and health. This is not the case with the whole of India and it is where income inequalities come into picture. A section with quite a good number of people is there who have access to all the enjoyment. Such inequalities create gap within the people of the nation and becomes a threat to the integrity.
4. LACK OF EDUCATION
It goes without saying that how education is an indispensable element of our lives. Today, we need to establish our status in order to be recognized and respected. Income, as we all demand for a better and higher lifestyle; is very hard to earn these days. Majority of the people do get employed but their earnings are severely low in order to be able to enjoy basic amenities. In spite of long working hours which involve rigorous activities they still aren’t able to earn the desired
income. Today with the evolvement of time, people are also evolving and upgrading and with this the competition is also increasing. In order to be in a position to earn well it is imperative that we have certain specialized qualifications. In these many years though the awareness of literacy has been able to make its place into the houses of Indians but still there are people who are ignorant of the importance of education. They are still living with the orthodox notion of having more people in the house in order to have more income. They don’t know that involving in an unskilled labor and earning a few money is not what we need as it is none other than a burden to the nation. We need to be educated so that we can work and earn. It should be made accessible to the women so that there is an upliftment of women workers and they are not just limited as homemakers but should also be known as tremendous bread earners. Most importantly we can foresee the nation’s future from the eyes of youth.
5. PRESENCE OF POLITICS
A country’s governmental operations are primarily looked upto in order to get a fair idea of its administration and governance. The presence of an accountable government is important. Government is ultimately responsible for representing the will of the state or its people. Therefore it is necessary that there is transparency in the system and our government who is meant for our goodwill is known to our concerns and interests. As only when the government will work for the welfare of its citizen there will be an increase in the status of not just the citizens rather of the country as a whole. But as we can see that today majority of the officials are involved in politics. They just work for the attainment of power and once they acquire, all that power is used for their own good rather than the common good of the people. People aim for the governmental positions not with the will of fulfilling the responsibilities rather to get access to certain rights and privileges associated with the post. Therefore the majority of the government doesn’t exist in its true form anymore and hence the ideal function is not fulfilled.
The aforesaid is not only responsible for preventing India to be a developed nation but are the most important among many others. If these factors are taken into consideration and looked upon we will definitely encounter India amongst one of the developed nations of the world.
 1. available at https://www.civilserviceindia.com (Last Modified March 29, 2019)